Over 18 million men in the United states have been diagnosed of erectile dysfunction in 2017.
According to researchers of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg school of public health, lifestyle changes like increased physical activity and measures to prevent cardiovascular diseases may also prevent cardiovascular diseases and may also prevent decreased erectile function.
“Physicians should be aggressive in screening and managing middle-aged and older patients for erectile dysfunction, especially among patients with diabetes or hypertension,” said Elizabeth Selvin, PhD, MPH, lead author of the study and a faculty member in the Bloomberg School of Public Health’s Department of Epidemiology.
“The associations of erectile dysfunction with diabetes and cardiovascular risk factors may serve as powerful motivators for men who need to make changes in their diet and lifestyle.”
In the study, men who are“sometimes able” or “never able” to get and keep an erection were categorized as having erectile dysfunction, while men who reported being “always or almost always able” or “usually able” were not.
The overall prevalence of erectile dysfunction among men in the United States was 18 percent. Men aged 70 and older were much more likely to report having erectile dysfunction compared to only 5 percent in men between the ages of 20 and 40.
Nearly half of all men in the study with diabetes also had erectile dysfunction. And, almost 90 percent of all men with erectile dysfunction had at least one risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including diabetes, hypertension, having poor cholesterol levels or being a current smoker. Men with erectile dysfunction were also less likely to have engaged in vigorous physical activity within the month prior to participation in the study.